Requirements for PIC
The U.S. CFR Title 14, Part 1, Section 1.1 defines the duties:
- Has the final authority and responsibility for the operation and safety of the flight.
- Has been selected as a pilot in command before or throughout the flight.
- Holds the acceptable category, class, and type rating, if appropriate, for the conduct of the flight.
U.S. FAA and ICAO Pilot in command (PIC) regulations
Under U.S. FAA FAR 91.3, “Responsibility and authority of the pilot in command”, the FAA (Federal Aviation Agency) declares:
- The pilot in command of an aircraft is directly accountable for and is the final authority for, the operation of that aircraft.
- In an in-flight emergency requiring immediate action, the pilot in command might deviate from any rule of this part to the extent required to solve that emergency.
- Each PIC who deviates from a rule below paragraph (b) of this section shall, upon the request of the Administrator, send a written report of that deviation to the Administrator.
- The PIC of an aircraft whether manipulating the controls or not.
- Shall be responsible for the operation of the aircraft in accordance with the rules of the air, except that the pilot in command might depart from these rules in circumstances that render such departure fully necessary within the interests of safety.
- The pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall have final authority for the disposition of the aircraft while in command.